Tobacco products generate, after their use, waste, so-called ‘butts’. It is important to note that when talking about cigarette butts generated by smokers, reference is not only made to filters for traditional cigarettes and cigarillos, but also to filters for fine-cut and heated tobacco.
In the case of combusted tobacco, each butt consists of the filter, made in turn of cellulose acetate – which filters out the substances produced (residues, nicotine, carbon monoxide) and helps the smoker to hold and put out the cigarette – and also of paper, unburned tobacco, ash and other combustion by-products.
In the case of heated tobacco, stick filters are made of bioplastics (cellulose acetate and/or polylactic acid) with the function of lowering the temperature of the vapour, so as to make it suitable for inhalation and retaining its chemical substances. As there is no combustion, there is no ash or other smoke residues.
Both filters, those used in combusted tobacco products and those in heated tobacco products, if not properly disposed of, can cause considerable environmental damage. That is why the law provides for such products Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) as a policy instrument.
Erion Care is the Compliance Scheme of the Erion System that ensures the fulfilment of the obligations under the EPR regulation on waste generated by tobacco products with filters and filters for use in combination with tobacco products, pursuant to Legislative Decree No. 196 of 2021 (“SUP Decree”) implementing Directive (EU) 2019/904.